Areas of learning and development

Prime Areas


- Listening and attention
- Understanding
- Speaking

Development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.


- Moving and handling
- Health and self-care

Involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.


- Self-confidence and self-awareness
- Managing feelings and behaviours
- Making relationships

Involves helping children to develop positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skill and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Specific Areas


- Reading
- Writing

Development involves encouraging children to link sounds and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials ( books, poems, and other written materials to ignite their interest.


- Numbers
- Shape, space and measures

Involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.


- People and communities
- The world
- Technology

Involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.


- Exploring and using media and materials
- Being imaginative

Involves enabling children to explore and play with wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.